Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita- Updates

Starting today, India has enacted three significant new criminal laws, replacing the colonial-era statutes. Here’s a breakdown of the key changes:

πŸ“£ Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS):

πŸ–‹ Replacement of IPC: This law replaces the 163-year-old Indian Penal Code (IPC). Noteworthy changes include the introduction of community service as a form of punishment.

πŸ–‹ Stricter Measures for Sexual Offences: The BNS includes severe penalties for deceitful sexual intercourse under the false promise of marriage and other forms of deceit, with imprisonment of up to ten years and fines.

πŸ–‹ Organised Crime and Terrorism: The law expands the definition and penalties for organized crime, including cyber-crimes, human trafficking, and terrorism, aiming to safeguard national security and combat syndicate crimes.

πŸ–‹ Mob Lynching: It introduces strict penalties, including the death penalty, for mob lynching based on race, caste, religion, or other discriminatory grounds​ (Hindustan Times)​​ (Business Standard)​.

πŸ“£ Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS):

πŸ–‹ Replacement of CrPC: This law supersedes the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973, with a focus on procedural improvements.

πŸ–‹ Forensic Investigation: Mandatory forensic investigation for crimes punishable by at least seven years of imprisonment is now required, ensuring better evidence collection.

πŸ–‹ Under-Trial Prisoners: The law allows first-time offenders to obtain bail after serving one-third of their maximum sentence, except in severe cases like life imprisonment or multiple charges​ ​.

πŸ”” Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA):

πŸ–‹ Replacement of Evidence Act: This new law updates the Indian Evidence Act, focusing significantly on electronic evidence.

πŸ–‹ Electronic and Secondary Evidence: It introduces detailed disclosure formats for electronic records and expands the scope of secondary evidence, aiming for a more robust and transparent evidentiary process in the digital age​.

These reforms are intended to modernize India’s criminal justice system, making it more efficient, victim-centric, and responsive to contemporary issues such as digital crimes and organized syndicates.hashtag#BhartiyaNyaysamhita hashtag#BNS